In 1992 it was the 500th anniversary of the discovery of the Americas by Christopher Columbus (1492-1992) and the theme of the Expo/Universal Exposition was to celebrate "The Age of Discovery".
Various countries had pavilions including Russia, USA, Japan, India, Australia, China, Canada and a common pavilion shared by countries of The Europe Union. Many of the pavilion was focused on space programs - symbolizing the modern "Age of Discovery" but many pavilions were also dedicated to show of different landmarks, artworks and cultural representations from each country.
Poland also participated in the Universal Exposition. I am not sure what the artist (Jan Lenica) was instructed to make to help Spain mark the anniversary. The poster displays a Mayan Indian getting his heart ripped out. Note that the hand is white and note the heart is made of gold. I think Lenica made the poster emphasize that the Spanish discovery also led to a conquest where their lust for gold also led to the fall of traditional life in the Americas.
The Mayans (like many other Mesoamerican civilizations) also use to rip out hearts of people (mostly prisoners of war) in order to honor their gods. The Mayan on this poster is standing and not laying down on a ceremonial rock as they Mayan use practice on their temple pyramids.
That is just what I get out from looking at this stunning poster :)
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